Global Intellectual Property Center

Ecuador

Ecuador

Primary Sources

  • Amendments to the Regulation on the Culture Fund (1986)
  • Andean Community Subregional Integration Agreement (Cartagena Agreement), Decision 291—Regime for the Common Treatment of Foreign Capital and Trademarks, Patents, Licensing Agreements and Royalties (of March 21, 1991).
  • Andean Community Subregional Integration Agreement (Cartagena Agreement), Decision 351—Common Provisions on Copyright and Neighboring Rights (of December 17, 1993).
  • Andean Community Subregional Integration Agreement (Cartagena Agreement), Decision 486—Common Provisions on Industrial Property (of September 14, 2000).
  • Andean Community Subregional Integration Agreement (Cartagena Agreement), Decision 689—Adequacy of certain articles of Decision 486 – Common Intellectual Property Regime, allowing the development of Industrial Property Rights through internal regulations of member countries (of August 13, 2008).
  • Book Promotion Law (2006)
  • Code of Criminal Procedures (2000)
  • Consolidated Text of Civil Procedure Code (2005)
  • Consolidated Text of Culture Law (2004)
  • Consolidated Text of the Civil Code (2005)
  • Consolidated Text of the Internal Tax Regime Law (2009)
  • Consolidated Text of the Law on Production, Import, Trade and Sale of Human Generic Medicines (2005)
  • Executive Decree No 1282 (1993)
  • Executive Decree No. 1014 of 2008 on use of open-source software in public institutions of Ecuador
  • Executive Decree No. 1322 of 2012 which ascribes the IEPI (Intellectual Property) to the SENESCYT (Higher Education)
  • Executive Decree No. 2280 of March 19, 1991 on the Ecuadorian Society of Authors and Composers, SAYCE (1991)
  • Executive Decree No. 758 of 2011 on Customs regulations and code of production
  • Instituto Ecuatoriano de la Propeidad Intelectual (IEPI) dirección Nacional de Propeidad Intelectual, 12.11.2012, Transmit No. 6/2012 concerning the compulsory licensing of lamivudina + abacavir.
  • Instituto Ecuatoriano de la Propeidad Intelectual (IEPI) dirección Nacional de Propeidad Intelectual, 14.4.2010, Transmit No. 2/2010 concerning the compulsory licensing of ritonavir.
  • Instituto Ecuatoriano de la Propeidad Intelectual (IEPI), Comunicamos, Licencias obligatorias, mayor acceso a medicamentos en el Ecuador, 29.9.2014
  • Intellectual Property Law (Consolidation No. 2006-13) (2006)
  • Law of Transparency and Access to Public Information (2004)
  • Law on Administrative Procedural Jurisdiction (1968)
  • Law on amendments of the Criminal Code and the Code of Criminal Procedures (2010)
  • Law on Consumer Protection (2000)
  • Law on E-commerce, Electronic Signatures and Data Messages (2002)
  • Law on National Film Promotion (2006)
  • Law on Public Safety and the State (2009)
  • Law on the National System of Public Data Record (2010)
  • National Regulation regulating the Common Regime on Access to Genetic Resources in accordance with the Decision of the Andean Community No. 391 (Executive Decree No. 905 of October 3, 2011) (2011)
  • National Secretariat of Public Administration, Undersecretary of Electronic Government, Electronic Government Plan 2014-2017 (Plan Nacional de Gobierno Electrónico). Version 1.0.
  • Organic Code for Production, Trade, and Investment (2010)
  • Organic Code on the Justice System (2009)
  • Organic Health Act (2006)
  • Organic Law for Regulation and Control of Market Power (Antitrust Law) (2011)
  • Organic Law for the Regulation and Control of Tobacco (2011)
  • Organic Law for the Social Economy of Knowledge, Creativity and Innovation (2016)
  • Organic Law on Communication (2013)
  • Organic Law on Higher Education (2010)
  • Organic Law on Judicial Guarantees and Constitutional Control (2009)
  • Organic Law Reforming the Comprehensive Criminal Organic Code, Official Register No. 326, Second Supplement (2014)
  • Organic Law Reforming the Comprehensive Criminal Organic Code, Official Register No. 598, Third Supplement (2015)
  • Organic Law Reforming the Comprehensive Criminal Organic Code, Official Register No. 882, Third Supplement (2016)
  • Penal Code (2009)
  • Presidential Decree No. 118 (2009)
  • Presidential Decree No. 183 (2009)
  • Provisions on the national assembly conforming the attributions of the Organic Law for the Social Economy of Knowledge, Creativity and Innovation, Oficio No. PAN-GR-2016, 13.10.2016
  • Regulation establishing the Procedure for Coercive Action by the IEPI (approved by Resolution No. CD-IEPI 06-184) (2010)
  • Regulation of the Book Promotion Law (1987)
  • Regulation of the Culture Law (1986)
  • Regulation on the Culture Fund (FONCULTURA) (1985)
  • Regulation on the Law on National Film Promotion (2006)
  • Regulations under the Law on Intellectual Property (1999)
  • Resolution CD-IEPI No. 99-008 (1999)
  • Resolution No 10-01 CD-IEP. Regulations for the qualification and Registration of Experts or technical experts in IEPI (2010)
  • Resolution No. 0004-2008-TC (2008)
  • Resolution No. 003-2010 C D-IEPI (2010)
  • Resolution No. 10-02 CD-IEPI. Amendments to the Regulation establishing the Procedure for Coercive Action by the IEPI (2010)
  • Resolution No. 10-04 P-IEPI. Instructions for Compulsory Licensing of Drug Patents (2010)
  • Resolution No. 11-029 P-IEPI granting Direct Application to the Andean Community Decision with regard to Requests for Extension to file Oppositions against the Application for Registration of Distinctive Signs (2011)
  • Resolution No. 453-09, DNDAyDC (2009)
  • Resolution No. CD-IEPI 00-61. Rules of Procedure of the Committee on Intellectual Property, Industrial Property and Plant Variety Protection IEPI. (2010)
  • Statute of the Administrative Legal System of the Executive Function (2002)
  • Subsecretaria de Informática Estrategia, Implantación de Software Libre en la Administración Pública Central de Ecuador, 2009

Secondary Sources

  • AIPPI (2003). “Jurisdiction and applicable law in the case of cross-border infringement (infringing acts) of intellectual property rights”, Q.174, Ecuador, Francisco PÉREZ GANGOTENA.
  • AIPPI (2006). “Amendment of patent claims after grant (in court and administrative proceedings, including re–examination proceedings requested by third parties)”, Q.189, Ecuador, Cesar Guerrero Villagòmez.
  • AIPPI (2008). “The effectiveness of border measures after TRIPS”, Q.147, Ecuador, the Ecuadorian Group.
  • AIPPI (2010). “Exceptions to copyright protection and the permitted uses of copyright works in the hi-tech and digital sectors”, Q.216, Ecuador, Cesar Guerrero Villagòmez, 29.3.2010.
  • AIPPI (2010). “Protection against the dilution of a trademark”, Q.214, Ecuador, Janet Hernandez C.
  • AIPPI (2010). “Protection of trade secrets through IPR and unfair competition law”, Q.215, Ecuador, Cesar Guerrero Villagòmez, 29.3.2010.
  • AIPPI (2012). “The use of prosecution history in post-grant patent proceedings”, Q229, Ecuador, Maria Cecilia ROMOLEROUX, 15.5.2012.
  • AIPPI (2015). “Acquiescence (tolerance) to infringement of Intellectual Property Rights”, Q.192, Ecuador, the Ecuadorian Group.
  • AIPPI (2015). “Damages for infringement, counterfeiting and piracy of Trademarks”, Q203, Ecuador, the Ecuadorian Group.
  • AIPPI (2015). “Liability for Contributory Infringement of IPRs”, Q204, Ecuador, the Ecuadorian Group.
  • AIPPI (2015). “The impact of public health issues on exclusive patent rights”, Q202, Ecuador, the Ecuadorian Group.
  • AIPPI, e-news, Decree 522 amending the Regulations for the Application of the Law on Import, Commercialization and Sale of Generic Medicines for Human Use, No. 42, Maria Cecilia Romoleroux and Ian Wall, Corral Rosales Carmigniani Pérez, June 2015.
  • Australian Government, (2012). Pharmaceutical Patents Review, Background and Suggested Issues Paper, November 2012
  • B&R Latin America IP LLC, Ecuador, you’re doing it wrong: New Official Fees, Danny Grajales Pérez y Soto, 30.10.2012
  • Bermeo & Bermeo Law Firm, Ecuador: Intellectual Property 2016, 1.6.2016
  • Bermeo & Bermeo Law Firm, Rolling Stones v. Boca del Pozo, 28.7.2011
  • Brad Sherman, (2010). “Computer Programs as Excluded Patentable Subject Matter”, WIPO Standing Committee on the Law of Patents: Fifteenth Session, October 2010.
  • Canal News, Año 3 / Edición 13 / Octubre – Noviembre 2011
  • Chavez, D. (2010). Free Software in Ecuador, National Agency of Public Administration., Agency of Information Technologies, European Open Source & Free Software Law Event, November 2010.
  • El Comercio, ECUADOR: La Comisión de Educación aprobó el texto del Código Ingenios, 10.8.2016
  • El Comercio, El salario básico para el 2016 será USD 366, 21.12.2015
  • Electronic Frontier Foundation, State Censorship by Copyright? Spanish Firm Abuses DMCA to
    Silence Critics of Ecuador’s Government, Maira Sutton, 15.5.2014
  • Estudio Colmenares, Historical Development of the System of Trademarks in the Andean Community of Nations, Vol. 1, May 2011
  • EU Commission, Council Decision of 31 May 2012 on the signing, on behalf of the Union, and provisional application of the Trade Agreement between the European Union and its Member States, of the one part, and Colombia and Peru, of the other part, OJ L 354, Vol. 55, 21.12.2010.
  • HIS, Same-Day Analysis, Ecuador’s government to strengthen patent protection for medicines after reaching trade agreement with EU, 6.9.2015
  • INTA Bulletin, ECUADOR: IP Appeal Board Says Rolling Stones Copyright Trumps Trademark Application, Vol. 70 No. 8, 15.4.2015.
  • Intellectual Property Watch, A New Model For IP: Interview With Ecuador IP Office Director Hernán Núñez Rocha, 13.10.2015 (accessed August 2016).
  • International Intellectual Property Alliance 2014, “Special 301 Report on Copyright Protection and Enforcement: Ecuador”, Washington DC.
  • IP Tango, Ecuador: repealing its IP law for a code of social economy, Patricia Covarrubia, 9.2.2016
  • J. Andrés Delgado, (2014). Internet Governance in Ecuador: Infrastructure and Access, First National Summit on Internet Governance in Ecuador
  • Linio Ecuador, ESTAMOS COMPROMETIDOS CON LA PROTECCIÓN DE LOS DERECHOS DE PROPIEDAD INTELECTUAL (accessed August 2015).
  • Mercado Libre, Programa de Protección de Propiedad Intelectual (accessed August 2015).
  • Olarte Moure & Associates, Patent Opposition Practice, 22.5.2016
  • Patentology, Ecuador Goes It Alone With Massive Fee Hikes, Mark Summerfield, 2.11.2012
  • Paz Horowitz, Patents in Ecuador: Lexology Navigator Q&A, 12.9.2016, Mónica Cortez, José Bedón and Byron Robayo
  • Pérez Bustamante & Ponce, Ecuador’s new competition legislation must be handled with care, 26.9.2012
  • Pérez, Bustamante & Ponce, New intellectual property offences and other amendments to the Ecuadorian Criminal Code, 10.11.2015
  • The IP Xporter, Enforcing Online Copyright Protection Abroad: Part III – South America, Lucas S. Michels, 13.10.2014
  • Tobar & Bustamante Abogados, “Ecuador” in World Trademark Review Yearbook 2010, pp. 91-94 (accessed September 2016).
  • WIPO, “Criminal Measures for Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights – Sanctions in the Andean Community”,WIPO/ACE/4/5, Advisory Committee on Enforcement, Fourth Session, Geneva, September 17, 2007