Global Intellectual Property Center

France

France

Primary Sources

  • Civil Code (as amended up to February 18, 2015) (2015)
  • Commercial Code (2010)
  • Consumer Code (consolidated version of March 1, 2015) (2015)
  • Criminal Procedure Code (consolidated as of March 2, 2015) (2015)
  • Customs Code (consolidated as of April 1, 2014) (2014)
  • Decision No. 10 of February 27, 2008, of the Committee referred to in Article L. 311-5 of the Intellectual Property Code Relating to Remuneration for Private Copying (2008)
  • Decision No. 11 of December, 17, 2008, of the Committee provided for in Article L. 311-5 of the Code of Intellectual Property (2008)
  • Decision No. 15 of December 14, 2012, of the Committee referred to in Article L. 311-5 of the Intellectual Property Code (2012)
  • Decision No. 2012-287 of January 15, 2013 (Decision of the Constitutional Council on Law No. 2011-1898 of December 20, 2011 relating to private copying) (2013)
  • Decision No. 3 of July 4, 2002, of the Committee provided for in Article L. 311-5 of the Code of Intellectual Property on the Remuneration for Private Copying (2002)
  • Decision No. 347076 of December 30, 2013, of the Council of State (2013)
  • Decision No. 5 of June 6, 2005, of the Committee referred in Article L. 311-5 of the Intellectual Property Code relating to the Remuneration for Private Copying (2005)
  • Decision No. 6 of November 22, 2005, of the Committee referred to in Article L. 311-5 of the Intellectual Property Code, relating to the Remuneration for Private Copying (2005)
  • Decision of December 8, 2010, of the Committee referred to in Article L. 241-4 of the Intellectual Property Code, amending the Decision of January 5, 2010 (2011)
  • Decision of January 5, 2010, of the Committee referred to in Article L. 214-4 of the Intellectual Property Code (2010)
  • Decision of May 19, 2012, of the Committee referred to in Article L. 244-4 of the Intellectual Property Code (2012)
  • Decision of November 30, 2011, of the Committee referred to in Article L. 214-4 of the Intellectual Property Code, amending the Decision of January 5, 2010 (2011)
  • Decision of October 15, 2007, of the Committee established by Article L. 214-4 of the Intellectual Property Code (2007)
  • Decree n ° 2005-1217 of September 26, 2005 on the premium incentive and bonus granted to certain officers and employees of the State and its public institutions authors of an invention and amending the code Intellectual Property. (2005)
  • Decree n ° 2005-1298 of October 20, 2005 on allocation of powers in the fight against counterfeiting. (2005)
  • Decree N° 2009-1254 of October 16, 2009 on the Management of Royalties for Exploitation of Films (as amended by Decree N° 2014-794 of July 9, 2014, on the Regulatory Part of Code of Cinema and Motion Pictures) (2009)
  • Decree No. 2001-334 of April 17, 2001 amending the regulatory part of the code and intellectual property on the control of collecting societies and distribution rights (2001)
  • Decree No. 2001-809 of September 6, 2001 amending the regulatory part of the code of intellectual property and on aid granted by collecting societies and distribution rights (2001)
  • Decree No. 2002-215 of February 18, 2002 amending the Regulatory Part of the Code and Intellectual property relating to industrial Property agents, the Protection of Designs and CTM (Communitary trademark) (2002)
  • Decree No. 2002-410 of March 23, 2007, publishing the Geneva Act of the Hague Agreement concerning the International Registration of Industrial Designs (and its implementing regulation and two joints declaration), adopted in Geneva on July 2, 1999 (2007)
  • Decree No. 2004-199 of February 25, 2004 amending the Intellectual Property Code (2004)
  • Decree No. 2004-41 of January 6, 2004, publishing the Protocol Relating to the Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks, adopted in Madrid on June 27, 1989 (2004)
  • Decree No. 2005-1756 of December 30,2005 laying down the List and the Jurisdiction of Special Courts in Competition matters, Industrial property and Insolvency (2005)
  • Decree No. 2005-578 of May 23, 2005 amending Article R. 214-2 of the Code of Intellectual Property (2005)
  • Decree No. 2006-1521 of December 4, 2006, publishing the Trademark Law Treaty (and an annex), adopted in Geneva on October 27, 1994 (2006)
  • Decree No. 2006-1763 of December 23, 2006 on Criminal Prosecution of certain Infringements of Copyright and Neighboring Rights (2006)
  • Decree No. 2006-665 of June 7, 2006, on the Reduction and Simplification of the Composition of Various Administrative Commissions (as last amended on December 1, 2014) (2014)
  • Decree No. 2007-280 of March 1, 2007 amending the Intellectual Property Code (2007)
  • Decree No. 2007-510 of April 4,2007 on the Authority regulating Technical Measures instituted by Article L. 331-17 of the Intellectual Property Code (2007)
  • Decree No. 2007-731 of May 7, 2007 on the persons qualified in industrial property and amending the code of intellectual property. (2007)
  • Decree No. 2007-756 of May 9, 2007 implementing Article L. 122-8 code and intellectual property on the resale right (‘droit de suite’). (2007)
  • Decree No. 2007-873 of May 14, 2007 implementing Article L. 311-5 of the Intellectual Property Code (2007)
  • Decree No. 2008-1391 of December 19,2008 implementing the exception to Copyright, Related Rights and the right of databases producers for people with disabilities (2008)
  • Decree No. 2008-1471 of December 30,2008 implementing Article VI of 132 of the Law No. 2008-776 of August 4, 2008 to Modernize the Economy and on the Procedure for Limiting Patent claims of invention (2008)
  • Decree No. 2008-1472 of December 30, 2008 Implementing the Ordinance No. 2008-1301 of December 11, 2008 on Patents and Trademarks, made on the basis of the Article 134 of Law No. 2008 -776 of August 4, 2008 to Modernize the Economy (2008)
  • Decree No. 2008-428 of May 2, 2008, publishing the Act Revising the Convention on the Grant of European Patents, signed in Munich on November 29, 2000 (2008)
  • Decree No. 2008-469 of May 20, 2008, publishing the Agreement on the Application of Article 65 of the Convention on the Grant of European Patents, signed in London on October 17, 2000 (2008)
  • Decree No. 2008-522 of June 2, 2008 Refunding the Regulatory part of the Judicial Organization Code (2008)
  • Decree No. 2008-624 of June 27, 2008, implementing Law No. 2007-1544 of October 29, 2007, relating to the Fight against Counterfeiting and amending the Intellectual Property Code (2008)
  • Decree No. 2008-625 of June 27, 2008 amending the Intellectual Property Code (2008)
  • Decree No. 2009-1204 of October 9, 2009 on the Specialization of Courts in Intellectual Property (2009)
  • Decree No. 2009-1205 of October 9, 2009 Determining the Seat and Jurisdiction of Courts in Intellectual Property (2009)
  • Decree No. 2009-1309 of October 26, 2009 Amending Articles R. 321-6-1 and R. 321-8 of the Intellectual Property Code (2009)
  • Decree No. 2009-131 of February 6, 2009 concerning the Designation of the Depositary of Digital Files of Printed works mentioned in 7 of Article L. 122-5 of the Code of Intellectual Property (2009)
  • Decree No. 2009-1773 of December 29, 2009 on the organization of the High Authority for the dissemination of works and protection of rights on the Internet (2009)
  • Decree No. 2009-645 of June 9, 2009 concerning Management between Public Industrial Property Results from Research conducted by Public Officials or Public Employees (2009)
  • Decree No. 2009-744 of June 19,2009 on the Functioning of the Commission established in Article L. 311-5 of the Intellectual Property Code (2009)
  • Decree No. 2009-887 of July 21, 2009 implementing Article L. 331-18 of the Code of Intellectual Property (2009)
  • Decree No. 2010-1202 of October 12, 2010 amending Article R. 331-37 Code of Intellectual Property (2010)
  • Decree No. 2010-1366 of November 10, 2010, on Labeling Online Public Communication Services Offerings and Regulating Technical Measures for Protection and Identification of Works and Objects protected by Copyright (2010)
  • Decree No. 2010-1630 of December 23, 2010 relating to the assessment procedure and labeling securing measures to prevent unauthorized use of access to a communication service to the public online (2010)
  • Decree No. 2010-236 of March 5, 2010, on the Automated Processing of Personal Data authorized by Article L. 331-29 of the Code of Intellectual Property, called the “Management System for Measures for the Protection of Original Works on the Internet’ (2010)
  • Decree No. 2010-397 of April 22, 2010 to facilitate the exploitation of films in the form of video recordings
  • Decree No. 2010-695 of June 25, 2010, on Gross Negligence for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Property on the Internet (2010)
  • Decree No. 2010-872 of July 26, 2010 on Proceedings before the Commission for Protection Rights of the High Authority for the Dissemination of works and Protection of Rights on Internet (2010)
  • Decree No. 2010-994 of August 26, 2010 relating to the commission referred to in Article L. 132-44 of the Code of Intellectual Property (2010)
  • Decree No. 2011-1073 of September 8, 2011 on the Abolition of Commissions and Administrative Bodies (2011)
  • Decree No. 2011-1878 of December 14, 2011 on the Creation of the ‘Cour d’Appel’ of Cayenne (2011)
  • Decree No. 2011-386 of April 11, 2011 on indicators of the High Authority for the dissemination of works and protection of human rights on the Internet (2011)
  • Decree No. 2012-597 of April 27, 2012 concerning the National Security Agency of Medicines and Health Products (2012)
  • Decree No. 2013-1141 of December 10, 2013, regarding the Information for Purchasers of Recording Devices subject to Private Copying Remuneration (2013)
  • Decree No. 2013-182 of February 27, 2013, regulating Articles L.134-1 to L.134-9 of the French Intellectual Property Code regarding the Digital Exploitation of Unavailable Books of the Twentieth Century (2013)
  • Decree No. 2013-596 of July 8, 2013, removing the Complementary Penalty of Suspending Access to an On-Line Public Communication Service and relating to the Information Transmission Methods provided for in Article L. 331-21 of the Intellectual Property Code (2013)
  • Decree No. 86-1309 of December 29,1986, laying down the conditions for implementing the Order No. 86-1243 of 1 December 1986 on the Freedom of Prices and Competition (1986)
  • Decree No. 94-1056 of December 8, 1994 amending Article R. 312-2 of the Code of Judicial Organization (1994)
  • Decree No. 95-385 of April 10, 1995, concerning the Regulatory Part of the Intellectual Property Code (1995)
  • Decree No. 95-406 of April 14, 1995 on the application of Articles L. 122-10 to L. 122-12 of the Intellectual Property Code and on the Collective Management of Reprographic Reproduction (1995)
  • Decree No. 96-103 of February 2, 1996, in Application of Law No. 94-361 of May 10, 1994, Concerning Legal Protection of Computer Programs and Amending the Intellectual Property Code (1996)
  • Decree No. 96-481 of May 31, 1996, relating to the Legal Databases Public Service (1996)
  • Decree No. 96-857 of October 2, 1996, amending the Intellectual Property Code and relating to Inventions by Officials and Public Servants (1996)
  • Decree No. 97-1316 of December 23, 1997, implementing Article L. 122-3° (d) of Intellectual Property Code (1997)
  • Decree No. 98-1040 of November 18, 1998 amending the regulatory part of the Code of Intellectual Property (1998)
  • Decree No. 98-1041 of November 18, 1998 concerning the application of Articles L. 132-20-1 and L. 217-2 of the Code of Intellectual Property (1998)
  • Decree No. 98-1042 of November 18, 1998 concerning the application of Articles L. 132-20-2 and L. 217-3 of the Code of Intellectual Property (1998)
  • Decree of January 7, 2008 to implement the provisions of Article R. 421-1-2 of the Intellectual Property Code (2008)
  • DIRECTIVE (EU) 2015/2436 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 16 December 2015 to approximate the laws of the Member States relating to trade marks (Recast), OJ L 336/1, 23.12.2015.
  • Intellectual Property Code (consolidated version of October 9, 2016) (2016)
  • Judicial Organization Code (consolidated as of March 8, 2015) (2014)
  • Labor Code (consolidated version of March 8, 2015) (2015)
  • Law No. 2000-719 of August 1, 2000, amending Law No. 86-1067 of September 30, 1986 on Freedom of Communication (2000)
  • Law No. 2003-7 of January 3, 2003, amending the Book VIII of the Commerce Code (2003)
  • Law No. 2004-1338 of December 8, 2004, on the Protection of Biotechnological Inventions (2004)
  • Law No. 2004-204 of March 9, 2004, adapting Justice to the Evolution of Criminality (2004)
  • Law No. 2004-575 of June 21, 2004, regarding Confidence in the Digital Economy (as amended up to August 8, 2015) (2015)
  • Law No. 2004-575 of June 21, 2004, regarding Confidence in the Digital Economy (2004)
  • Law No. 2004-800 of August 6, 2004, on Bioethics (2004)
  • Law No. 2005-842 of July 26, 2005 for the Trust and the Modernization of the Economy (2005)
  • Law No. 2006-961 of August 1, 2006, on Copyright and Neighboring Rights in the Information Society (as amended up to Law No. 2009-669 of June 12, 2009). (2009)
  • Law No. 2006-961 of August 1, 2006, on Copyright and Related Rights in the Information Society (2006)
  • Law No. 2007-1544 of October 29, 2007, relating to the Fight against Counterfeiting (2007)
  • Law No. 2007-248 of February 26, 2007 containing various provisions to adapt the European Legislation into the field of Medicine (2007)
  • Law No. 2008-776 of August 4, 2008 on the Modernization of the Economy (2008)
  • Law No. 2009-1311 of October 28, 2009, on the Criminal Protection of Literary and Artistic Property on the Internet (2009)
  • Law No. 2009-526 of May 12, 2009 to simplify and clarify the Law and Streamline Procedures (2009)
  • Law No. 2009-669 of June 12, 2009, promoting the Dissemination and Protection of Creation on the Internet (as amended up to Law No. 2009-1311 of October 28, 2009) (2009)
  • Law No. 2011-1898 of December 20, 2011, on Private Copying Remuneration (2011)
  • Law No. 2011-2012 of December 29, 2011, strengthening the Safety of Sanitary Drugs and Health Products (2011)
  • Law No. 2011-590 of May 26, 2011, regarding the Price of the Digital Books (2011)
  • Law No. 2012-287 of March 1, 2012, on the Digital Exploitation of Unavailable Books of the Twentieth Century (2012)
  • Law No. 2012-387 of March 22, 2012, on the Simplification of the Law and Administrative Relief (2012)
  • Law No. 2014-315 of March 11, 2014, strengthening the Fight Against Counterfeiting (2014)
  • Law No. 2014-344 of March 17, 2014, on Consumer Protection (2014)
  • Law No. 2016-1321 of October 7, 2016, for a Digital Republic (2016)
  • Law No. 86-1067 of September 30, 1986, on the Freedom of Communication (consolidated version as of August 6, 2014) (2014)
  • Law No. 92-597 of 1 July, 1992, on the Intellectual Property Code (Legislative Part) (1992)
  • Law No. 93-949 of July 26, 1993, on the Consumer Code (Legislative Part) (as amended up to Law No. 2009-526 of May 12, 2009) (2009)
  • Law No. 94-102 of February 5, 1994, relating to the Counterfeiting Repression and amending some provisions in the Intellectual Property Code (1994)
  • Law No. 94-361 of May 10, 1994 implementing the Directive (EEC) No. 91-250 of the European Communities Council dated May 14, 1991 on the legal protection of computer programs and amending the IP Code (1994)
  • Law No. 94-442 of June 3, 1994, amending the Consumer Code with regard to the Certification of Industrial Products and Services and the Marketing of certain Products (1994)
  • Law No. 97-283 of March 27 1997, transposing into the Intellectual Property Code of the Council Directives of the European Communities No. 93/83 of 27 September 1993 and No. 93/98 of 29 October 1993 (as amended up to law No. 2009-669 of June 12, 2009) (2009)
  • Law No. 98-536 of July 1, 1998 transposing into the code of the intellectual property of Directive 96/9/EC of the European Parliament and Council of March 11,1996 on the legal protection of Databases (1998)
  • Ministerial Order of October 17, 1990, issued pursuant to Article 20 (Title II) of Law No. 85-660 of July 3, 1985, on the Rights Neighboring on Copyright of Performers Engaged for the Making of an Audiovisual Work (1990)
  • Order of December 20, 2011, regarding the Reimbursement of Private Copying Levies (2011)
  • Order of October 28, 2009 on the file referred to Article R. 611-13 of the Intellectual Property Code and Article 3 of Decree No. 2009-645 of June 9, 2009 on the Management of Industrial Property results from Research conducted by Public Officials or Public Employees (2009)
  • Ordinance No. 2001-670 of July 25, 2001 transposing the European Directive into the intellectual property code and the Postal and Telecommunications Code (2001)
  • Ordinance No. 2008-1301 of 11 December 2008 on patents and trademarks (2008)
  • Penal Code (consolidated text as of January 1, 2014) (2014)
  • Postal and Electronic Communications Code (consolidated version on August 4, 2014) (2014)
  • REGULATION (EU) 2015/2424 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 16 December 2015 amending Council Regulation (EC) No 207/2009 on the Community trade mark and Commission Regulation (EC) No 2868/95 implementing Council Regulation (EC) No 40/94 on the Community trade mark, and repealing Commission Regulation (EC) No 2869/95 on the fees payable to the Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market (Trade Marks and Designs), OJ L 341/21, 24.12.2015
  • SÉNAT N° 600 Enregistré à la Présidence du Sénat le 8 juillet 2015, RAPPORT D´INFORMATION FAIT au nom de la commission de la culture, de l’éducation et de la communication (1) par la mission d’information sur la Hadopi, Par M. Loïc HERVÉ et Mme Corinne BOUCHOUX.

Secondary Sources

  • AIPPI (2005). “Limitations on exclusive IP Rights by competition law”, Q.187, France, Yves BIZOLLON, Robert COLLIN, Christian DERAMBURE, Thierry SUEUR et Catherine VERNERET.
  • AIPPI (2005). “Punitive damages as a contentious issue of IP Rights”, Q186, France, the French Group.
  • AIPPI (2005). ‘Enforcement of IP Rights”, Q.185, France, the french Group.
  • AIPPI (2008). “Patentability of Business Methods”, Q.158, France, Jacques COMBEAU.
  • AIPPI (2008). “Damages for infringement, counterfeiting and piracy of trademarks”, Q.203, France, Anne LAURENT, Jean–Guillaume MONIN, Corinne BOURDEAU, Héloïse DELIQUIET et Bernard UGHETTO
  • AIPPI (2009). “Border measures and other Means of Customs Intervention against Infringers”, Q.208, France, the French Group, 27.2.2009.
  • AIPPI (2010). “Liability for contributory infringement of IPRs – certain aspects of patent infringement, Q.204P, France, the French Group, 8.3.2010.
  • AIPPI (2010). “Protection of Trade Secrets through IPR and Unfair Competition Law”, Q.215, France, the French Group, 17.3.2010.
  • AIPPI (2011). “The availability of injunctions in cases of infringement of IPRs, Q.219, France, the French Group, 25.3.2011.
  • AIPPI (2012). “Infringement of trademarks by goods in transit”, Q.230, France, the French Group, 5.4.2012.
  • AIPPI (2012). “The use of prosecution history in post-grant proceedings”, Q.229, France, the French Group, 26.4.2012.
  • AIPPI (2013). “Relevant public for determining the degree of recognition of famous marks, well-known marks and marks with reputation”, Q.234, France, the French Group.
  • AIPPI (2013). “Relief in IP proceedings other than injunctions or damages”, Q.236, France, the French Group, 24.4.2013.
  • AIPPI (2014). “IP licensing and insolvency”, Q.241, France, the French Group.
  • AIPPI (2014). “Second medical use or second medical indication claims”, Q.238, France, The French Group, 21.5.2014.
  • AIPPI (2015). “Acquiescence (tolerance) to infringement of Intellectual Property Rights”, Q.192, France, Emmanuel LARERE, Olivier BANCHEREAU, Damien CHALLAMEL, Alain GALLOCHAT, Valérie LEGOT–MAHBOUBI, Emmanuel DE MARCELLUS, Béatrice THOMAS, Catherine VERNERET et Stéphanie ZELLER.
  • AIPPI (2015). “Liability for contributory infringement of IPRs”, Q204, France, the French Group.
  • AIPPI (2015). “The impact of public health issues on exclusive patent rights”, Q.202, France, Alain GALLOCHAT, Jean-Christophe GUERRINI, Laetitia BENARD, Serge BINN, Paule DROUAULT–GARDRAT, Chrystel LANXADE, Laurent ROMANO et Grégoire TRIET.
  • AIPPI (2015). “Trade secrets: Overlap with restraint of trade, aspects of enforcement”, Q.247, France, the French Group, 10.6.2015.
  • AIPPI (2016). “Study Question (Copyright) – Linking and making available on the Internet”, France, the French Group, 29.9.2016.
  • AIPPI (2016). “Study Question (Designs) – Requirements for protection of designs”, France, tThe French Group, 25.4.2016.
  • Arnold, M. et al (2014). “Graduated Response Policy and the Behavior of Digital Pirates: Evidence from the French Three-Strike (Hadopi) Law”, Working Paper 2014-07, University of Delaware, Department of Economics.
  • Baker&McKenzie, Intellectual Property Client Alert, European Parliament adopts position on the European Commission’s proposed changes to the Trade Marks Directive and Community Trade Mark Regulation, March 2014
  • Bloomberg, France to Mandate Plain Packaging of Cigarettes, Joining U.K., 25.9.2014
  • Casalonga & Associés, Patent enforcement through the courts in France, Lexology, 27.7.2016
  • CISAC, Newsroom, French Authors’ Societies Welcome Progress on New Creation Law for Authors, 30.6.2016
  • Council of the European Union, Presse 306, New EU framework for protection of trade secrets, 10200/14, Brussels, 26.5.2014.
  • Danaher, B. et al. (2013). The Effect of Graduated Response Anti-Piracy Laws on Music Sales: Evidence from an Event Study in France, FTC Microeconomics Conference.
  • DLA Piper (2014). “France” in Designs: A Global Guide 2014, pp. 47-51, World Trademark Review.
  • European Patent Law Association, FR – Warner-Lambert Company and Pfizer v. Sandoz, 30.3.2016
  • Eversheds.com, Trade secrets – new protection in the EU, 11.3.2014
  • France24.com, France moves towards plain cigarette packaging ban, 30.5.2014
  • Ifop – pôle Média & Numérique, Hadopi Research Department, Studies and Monitoring (DREV), Study on dematerialized video games, Report of the Economic Scoping Study, Editors: Raphaël Berger, Anne-Cécile Lafourcade, December 2014.
  • IFPI.org, IFPI welcomes new online music initiative in France, 29.9.2015
  • International Trademark Association, Press Release, EU Trademark Reform Finally Adopted, New York – December 15, 2015.
  • ip-watch.org, Tobacco Plain Packaging Gains Ground As France Introduces Draft Bill, 25.9.2014
  • Le Figaro, 10 millions de Français fréquentent les sites de streaming et de téléchargement illégal (10 million French attending streaming sites and illegal downloading), 7.7.2015
  • leMonde.fr, Des parlementaires préconisent une réformechoc de la Hadopi (Ministers calls for reform of Hadopi), 9.7.2015
  • Liberation.fr, La fin d’Hadopi, une agonie politique (The end of Hadopi, a political agony), 30.4.2016
  • Louis DUTHEILLET DE LAMOTHE, (2014). Outils opérationnels de prévention et de lutte contre la contrefaçon en ligne (Operational tools for preventing and combating counterfeiting online), Report to the Minister for Culture and Communicationץ
  • Marks & Clerk, Clarity in opposition at the EPO – a welcome decision for patentees, 1.5.2015
  • Ministry of Culture and Communication, Communiqué de presse, Stratégie du Gouvernement concernant la lutte contre le piratage des oeuvres sur internet (Government’s strategy to combat Internet piracy), 11.3.2015
  • Ministry of Culture and Communication, News, Actors advertising mobilize to copyright, 23.3.2015
  • Ministry of Culture and Communication, PLF projet de loi de finances 2016 (2016 Budget), September 2015
  • Ministry of Culture and Communication, protocole d’accord du 2 Octobre 2015 pour un développement équitable de la musique en ligne (protocol of agreement of 2.10.2015 for an equitable development of music online).
  • Nextinpact.com, Hadopi fangs out to seduce the beneficiaries, 16.9.2015
  • Nextinpact.com, The preliminary draft law to reform hadopi, 11.6.2015
  • Senat.fr, La commission des affaires sociales remanie profondément le projet de loi sur la santé (The Committee on Social Affairs applied profound changes to the draft health law), 23.7.2015
  • Shook Hardy & Bacon LLP, L’Oréal & eBay settle dispute over counterfeit sales, Lexology, 24.1.2014
  • Slyck News, Hadopi Proposes New Ideas to Fight Piracy Including Super-Takedowns, 14.5.2014
  • Techdirt.com, ‘Notice And Staydown’ The Latest Fad In Copyright Enforcement, Glyn Moody, 15.5.2014
  • The Guardian, French tobacconists dump four tonnes of carrots on street in cigarette protest, 22.7.2015
  • Torrentfreak, National Assembly ‘Kills’ French Three-Strikes Anti Piracy Law, 2.5.2016
  • Trademarksandbrandsonline.com, eBay ends eight-year counterfeit tussle with LVMH, 18.7.2014
  • World Trademark Review Blog, Plain packaging celebrates its third birthday as France greenlights brand-free tobacco packs, Trevor Little, 1.12.2015
  • worldipreview.com, Anticounterfeiting law passed by French Senate, 1.4.2014
  • worldipreview.com, France moves towards cigarette plain packaging, 2.7.2014
  • WSJ, France Mulls Plain Packaging Law for Cigarettes, 25.9.2014
  • Lee, Won Hee Elaine. “Online Auction Sites and Inconsistencies: A Case Study of France, China, and the United States.” American University Intellectual Property Brief, Spring 2010, 50-57.