Global Intellectual Property Center

Germany

Germany

Primary Sources

  • Act Against Unfair Competition (as amended up to Law of October 1, 2013) (2013)
  • Act of 1996 Amending the Trade Mark Law (1996)
  • Act of January 9, 1907, on Copyright in Artistic Works and Photography (as amended up to Act of February 16, 2001) (2001)
  • Act of May 22, 1910, concerning the Execution of the Revised Bern Convention of November 1908 for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works (1910)
  • Act on Comparative Advertising and to Amend Provisions of Competition Law (2000)
  • Act on Copyright and Related Rights (Copyright Act, as amended up to Act of April 4, 2016) (2016)
  • Act on Employees’ Inventions (as amended by Act of July 31, 2009, on Simplification and Modernization of Patent Act) (2009)
  • Act on Measures for the Promotion of German Film (Film Promotion Act – FFG) (as amended up to Law of August 7, 2013) (2013)
  • Act on Modernization of the Industrial Design Act and Amendments to the Rules on the Notices Concerning the Protection of Exhibition (2013)
  • Act on Publishing Rights (as amended March 22, 2002) (2002)
  • Act on Simplification and Modernization of Patent Act (2009)
  • Act on Telecommunications (Act of June 22, 2004, amended up to the Act of August 7, 2013) (2013)
  • Act on Telemedia (Act of February 26, 2007, as amended by the Law of May 31, 2010) (2010)
  • Act on the Administration of Copyright and Related rights (amended up to the Act of October 1, 2013) (2014)
  • Act on the European Convention on the Unification of Certain Points of Substantive Law on Patents for Invention of November 27, 1963, the Patent Cooperation Treaty of June 19, 1970, and the European Patent Convention of October 5, 1973 (Act on International Patent Treaties of June 21, 1976, as amended up to Act of August 31, 2015) (2016)
  • Act on the Extension of Industrial Property Rights (Extension Act, as amended up to Act of March 12, 2004) (2016)
  • Act on the Legal Protection of Designs (as amended up to Act of October 19, 2013) (2014)
  • Act on the Protection of Trademarks and other Signs (as amended up to Act of October 19, 2013) (2013)
  • Act on the Regulation of Copyright in the Information Society (2003)
  • Act Revising Certain Provisions of Patent Act and Other Acts in the Field of Industrial Property Protection (2013)
  • Act to Strengthen the Contractual Position of Authors and Performing Artists (2002)
  • Administrative Procedure Act (as amended up to Act of July 25, 2013) (2013)
  • Civil Code (as amended up to the Act of October 1, 2013) (2013)
  • Code of Civil Procedure (as amended up to the Act of October 10, 2013) (2013)
  • Code of Criminal Procedure (2013)
  • Constitutional Law and Copyright Law (2011)
  • Courts Constitution Act (Act of September 12, 1950, as amended up to the Act of October 10, 2013) (2013)
  • Criminal Code (2013)
  • Deutscher Bundestag, Drucksache 16/5602, Den Wettbewerb stärken, den Einsatz offener Dokumentenstandards und offener Dokumentenaustauschformate fördern (Strengthen competition, promote the use of open document standards and open document exchange formats), 13.6.2007.
  • Federal Act Establishing the General Conditions for Information and Communication Services (Information and Communication Services Act) (1997)
  • Federal Act Governing Access to Information held by the Federal Government (Freedom of Information Act, as amended by Act of August 7, 2013) (2013)
  • Federal Data Protection Act (as amended up to Act of August 14, 2009) (2009)
  • Fifth Order Amending the Order Concerning Patent Applications (2002)
  • Fourth Law Amending the Copyright Act (1998)
  • Law on Minor Offences (as amended up to the Law of October 10, 2013) (2013)
  • Notice Concerning Section 8 of the Law on the Protection of Trade Marks and other Signs (published in accordance with the announcement of 13 May 1996, Federal Law Gazette, Part I, p. 747) (1996)
  • Notice Concerning Section 8 of the Law on the Protection of Trade Marks and Other Signs (published in accordance with the announcement of 23 September 1997, Federal Law Gazette, Part I, p. 2462) (1998)
  • Notice Concerning Section 8 of the Law on the Protection of Trade Marks and other Signs (published in accordance with the announcement of April 14, 1999, Federal Law Gazette, Part I, p. 767) (1999)
  • Notice Concerning Section 8 of the Law on the Protection of Trade Marks and other Signs (published in accordance with the announcement of August 27, 1996, Federal Law Gazette, Part I, p. 1358) (1997)
  • Notice Concerning Section 8 of the Law on the Protection of Trade Marks and Other Signs (published in accordance with the announcement of March 10, 1997, Federal Law Gazette, Part I, p. 551) (1997)
  • Notice Concerning Section 8 of the Law on the Protection of Trade Marks and other Signs (published in accordance with the announcement of May 20, 1998, Federal Law Gazette, Part I, p. 1216) (1998)
  • Notice Concerning Section 8 of the Law on the Protection of Trade Marks and Other Signs (published in accordance with the announcement of May 21, 1999, Federal Law Gazette Part I, p. 1095) (1999)
  • Notice Concerning Section 8 of the Law on the Protection of Trademarks and other Signs (published in accordance with the announcement of July 10, 1998, Federal Law Gazette Part I, p. 1870) (1998)
  • Notice Concerning Section 8 of the Law on the Protection of Trademarks and other Signs (published in accordance with the announcement of November 27, 1998, Federal Law Gazette, Part I, p. 3538) (1999)
  • Notice of Patent Information Centers Authorized to Accept Patent and Utility Model Applications (published on April 6, 1999 by the Federal Ministry of Justice in the Federal Law Gazette, Part I, p. 648) (1999)
  • Notice of Patent Information Centers Authorized to Accept Patent and Utility Model Applications (published on November 5, 1999 by the Federal Ministry of Justice in the Federal Law Gazette, Part I, p. 2193) (1999)
  • Notice of Patent Information Centers Authorized to Accept Patent and Utility Model Applications (published on of February 22, 2001 by the Federal Ministry of Justice in the Federal Law Gazette, Part I, p. 341) (2001)
  • Notice of Patent Information Centers Authorized to Accept Patent and Utility Model Applications (published on September 27, 2000 by the Federal Ministry of Justice in the Federal Law Gazette, Part I, p. 1416) (2001)
  • Order Concerning Patent Applications (1997)
  • Order on the Administrative Costs of the German Patent and Trade Mark Office (1995)
  • Ordinance on Patent Procedures before the German Patent and Trade Mark Office (Patent Ordinance of September 1, 2003, as amended up to Ordinance of December 10, 2012) (2013)
  • Ordinance on the German Patent and Trademark Office (as amended up to Ordinance of April 4, 2016) (2016)
  • Patent Act (as amended up to Act of December 3, 2015) (2015)
  • Regulation Amending the Trademark Regulation and other Regulations (2008)
  • Regulation Concerning Patent Applications (1994)
  • Regulation Concerning the Implementation of the Trademark Law (as amended up to Ordinance of January 2, 2014) (2014)
  • Regulation Concerning the Mediation Body for Copyright Disputes (1994)
  • Regulation of January 2, 2014 for Further Modernization of the Design Act and Introduction of the Invalidity Procedure in Design Matters (2014)
  • Regulation on the Implementation of the Industrial Design Law (as amended up to Order of January 2, 2014) (2014)
  • Second Act to Amend the Patent Act and other Acts (2000)
  • The German Judiciary Act (Act of September 8, 1961, amended up to the Act of December 6, 2011) (2011)
  • Third Act to Amend the Judicial Officers Act and Other Acts (1998)
  • Third Order Amending the Trademark Regulations (1998)

Secondary Sources

  • AIPPI (2003). “Jurisdiction and applicable law in the case of cross-border infringement (infringing acts) of intellectual property rights”, Q.174, Germany, Martin FÄHNDRICH, Arne IBBEKEN.
  • AIPPI (2005). “Enforcement of IP Rights”, Q.185, Germany, Jens KÜNZEL, Michael BERGERMANN.
  • AIPPI (2005). “Limitations on exclusive IP Rights by competition law”, Q.187, Germany, Astrid BUHROW and Jan Bernd NORDEMANN.
  • AIPPI (2005). “Punitive damages as a contentious issue of IP Rights”, Q.186, Germany, Klaus HAFT, Christian DONLE, Jochen EHLERS and Ralph NACK.
  • AIPPI (2008). “Amendment of patent claims after grant (in court and administrative proceedings, including re-examination proceedings requested by third parties)”, Q.189, Germany, Jochen EHLERS, Thorsten BAUSCH and Martin KÖHLER.
  • AIPPI (2008). “Damages for infringement, counterfeiting and piracy of trademarks”, Q.203, Germany, the German Group.
  • AIPPI (2008). “Liability for contributory infringement of IPRs”, Q.204, Germany, the German Group.
  • AIPPI (2008). “The impact of public health issues on exclusive patent rights”, Q.202, Germany, the German Group.
  • AIPPI (2009). “Border measures and other Means of Customs Intervention against Infringers”, Q.208, Germany, the German Group, 4.3.2009.
  • AIPPI (2010). “Exceptions to copyright protection and the permitted uses of copyright works in the hi-tech and digital sectors”, Q.216, Germany, Albrecht Conrad, Jan Bernd Nordemann, March 2010.
  • AIPPI (2010). “Liability for contributory infringement of IPRs – certain aspects of patent infringement”, Q.204P, Germany, the German Group, 31.3.2010.
  • AIPPI (2010). “Protection against the dilution of a trademark”, Q.214, Germany, Alexander von Mühlendahl, Franz Hacker, Ralf Hackbarth, 31.3.2010.
  • AIPPI (2010). “Protection of trade secrets through IPR and unfair competition law”, Q.215, Germany, Mary-Rose McGuire, Björn Joachim, Jens Künzel, Nils Weber, March 2010.
  • AIPPI (2011). “The availability of injunctions in cases of infringement of IPRs”, Q.219, Germany, Klaus Haft, Ralph Nack, Anja Lunze LL.M., Clemens August Heusch, Stefan Schohe, Björn Joachim, 10.5.2011.
  • AIPPI (2012). “Infringement of trademarks by goods in transit”, Q.230, Germany, the German Group, 18.5.2012.
  • AIPPI (2012). “The use of prosecution history in post-grant patent proceedings”, Q.229, Germany, the German Group, 18.5.2012.
  • AIPPI (2013). “Relevant public for determining the degree of recognition of famous marks, well-known marks and marks with reputation”, Q.234, Germany, Ralf HACKBARTH; Andreas EBERT-WEIDENFELLER; Alexandra HEISE; Martin KEFFERPÜTZ; Anke NORDEMANNSCHIFFEL, 15.5.2013.
  • AIPPI (2013). “Relief in IP proceedings other than injunctions or damages”, Q.236, Germany, Detlef VON AHSEN, Jan DOMBROWSKI, Klaus HAFT, Clemens HEUSCH, Anja LUNZE, Ralf NACK, 17.5.2013.
  • AIPPI (2013). “Trademarks: Plain Packaging Questionnaire”, Q.212, Germany, the German Group.
  • AIPPI (2014). “IP licensing and insolvency”, Q.241, Germany, Mary-Rose McGUIRE; Jan DOMBROWSKI, Clemens HEUSCH, Oliver SCHERENBERG, Christian STOLL, Lea TOCHTERMANN, 30.5.2014.
  • AIPPI (2014). “Second medical use or indication claims”, Q.238, Germany, the German Group, 19.5.2014.
  • AIPPI (2015). “”Acquiescence (tolerance) to infringement of Intellectual Property Rights””, Q.192, Germany, Klaus HAFT, Michael FLEUCHAUS, Kay–Uwe JONAS,
    Ralph NACK, Carsten SCHULTE and Stefan SCHWEYER.
  • AIPPI (2015). “Limitations of the Trademark Protection”, Q.195, Germany, Kristofer BOTT, Franz HACKER, Alexandra HEISE, Björn JOACHIM, Kay–Uwe JONAS and Anke NORDEMANN–SCHIFFEL.
  • AIPPI (2015). “Trade secrets: Overlap with restraint of trade, aspects of enforcement”, Q.247, Germany, the German Group, 15.6.2015.
  • AIPPI (2016). “Study Question (Copyright) – Linking and making available on the Internet”, Germany, Jan DOMBROWSKI, Albrecht CONRAD and Nils WEBER, 10.5.2016.
  • AIPPI (2016). “Study Question (Designs) – Requirements for protection of designs”, Germany, Ralf HACKBARTH, Alexandra HEISE, Hanna Karin HELD, Sabine KOSSAK, Michael KOMPTER and Stefan SCHOHE, 12.5.2016.
  • Baker Botts LLP, Post-Huawei FRAND Licensing of Standards-Essential Patents, Lexology, 8.6.2016 (accessed August 2016).
  • BARDEHLE PAGENBERG, German Federal Supreme Court on calulating damages based on infringer’s profits in case of patent infringement (decision of September 3, 2013 – case X ZR 130/12 – Kabelschloss/Cable Lock), Lexology, 24.3.2014 (accessed November 2014).
  • Behr, V. (2003). “Punitive Damages in America and German Law – Tendencies towards Approximation of Apparently Irreconcilable Concepts”, Chicago-Kent Law Review, Art. 6, Vol. 78, Issue 1 Symposium: Private Law, Punishment, and Disgorgement, pp.105-161.
  • BIOLASE Inc., BIOLASE Wins Patent Infringement Case in Germany, 12.5.2014
  • Brad Sherman, (2010). “Computer Programs as Excluded Patentable Subject Matter”, WIPO Standing Committee on the Law of Patents: Fifteenth Session, October 2010.
  • CISAC, Newsroom, CISAC welcomes France and Germany’s commitment to cooperation on authors’ rights/copyright, 7.4.2015
  • CMS Legal Services EEIG, International Patent Litigation Guide, May 2013.
  • COHAUSZ & FLORACK, “Germany” in Patents in Europe 2013/2014, IAM Magazine.
  • Eckhartt, C., Perrichon, V. and Fàbrega Sabaté, X. (2011). “The issue of damages”, Intellectual Property magazine, November 2011, pp. 71-74.
  • EurActiv.com, Report urges internet userfriendly copyright law, Jeremy Fleming, 19.1.2015
  • European Commission (2013). Study on Trade Secrets and Confidential Business Information in the Internal Market, April 2013.
  • European Parliament, (2015). Report on the implementation of Directive 2001/29/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 May 2001 on the harmonisation of certain aspects of copyright and related rights in the information society (2014/2256(INI)), RR\1066491EN, 24.6.2015.
  • Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology (BMWi), ICT Strategy of the German Federal Government: Digital Germany 2015, November 2010.
  • Federal Ministry of Finance, German customs: On the lookout for counterfeit and pirated goods, March 2012.
  • Federal Ministry of Justice and Consumer Protection, Act to improve the enforcement of the right of authors and performers to equitable remuneration, 16.3.2016.
  • Fortune.com, YouTube Wins Another Round In German Copyright Tussle, 28.1.2016
  • Gewerblicher Rechtsschutz, Statistik für das Jahr 2014, Entwicklung der Aufgriffe.
  • Global IP Center (2014). Heading in a Different Direction? The European Medicines Agency’s Policy on the Public Release of Clinical Trials Data, U.S. Chamber of Commerce.
  • Houlihan, E. (2011). Famous Marks, IPO paper, 10.9.2011.
  • Jonas Rechtsanwaltsgesellschaft, “Germany” in World Trademark Review 2008, pp. 54-55, November/December 2008.
  • JTI Ireland Ltd, The illicit tobacco trade review 2013, Fifth Edition, 2013.
  • Karaganis, J. and Renkema, L. (2013). Copy Culture in the US and Germany, The American Assembly.
  • Kluwer Copyright Blog, ISP liability finally achieved in Germany, Martin Schaefer, 22.12.2015
  • Kluwer Copyright Blog, YouTube is a hosting provider, but one with extensive duties of care, say two German Courts, Jan Bernd Nordemann, 22.12.2015
  • Kluwer Patent Blog, German FRAND Update, Hetti Hilge, 8.6.2016
  • Law360.com, Approach To ‘2nd Medical Use’ Claims Varies Across EU, 30.9.2015
  • Lexology.com, Infringement of second medical use patents – important developments in Germany, 23.9.2015
  • Managing Intellectual Property, A guide to damages calculations for trade mark infringement, 16.7.2014
  • Managing Intellectual Property, Where to win: patent-friendly courts revealed, October 2010.
  • Presse- und Informationsamt der Bundesregierung, Kulturpolitische Forderungen für das Urheberrecht im digitalen Umfeld (Cultural policy demands for copyright in the digital environment), 10.3.2015.
  • Reimann Osterrieth Köhler Haft, Patent: Compensation of damages, Euromoney Institutional Investor plc 2014
  • Saunders, K. M. (2011). “The Liability of Online Markets for Counterfeit Goods: A Comparative Analysis of Secindary Trademark Infringement in the United States and Europe”, Northwestern Journal of International Law & Business, Vol. 32, Issue 1, pp. 37-92.
  • Siebeke Lange Wilbert, “Opportunities and risks beyond registered trademarks”, in World Trademark Review 2013, December/January 2013, pp. 76-77.
  • Spindler, G. (2007). “Country Report: Germany” in Study on the Liability of Internet Intermidiaries, 12.11.2007, University of Gottingen.
  • Taylor Wessing, Music piracy: the German position, November 2012
  • U.S. Trade Representative, Comments of the Computer & Communications Industry Association before the United States Trade Representative regarding 2013 Special 301 Review: Identification, Docket No. USTR-2012-0022, of Countries Under Section 182 of the Trade Act of 1974, February 8, 2013.
  • unapcict.org, Neutral Government Software Procurement Policies Create Significant Opportunities in Innovation, Local Economic Growth and Jobs, 2013.
  • ZDNet.com, File-hosting firms ‘responsible for pirated content’, German court rules, 16.7.2012